Leptospirosis, Plague and Salmonellosis Diseases

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Leptospiroris or Weil disease is a disease transmitted by rats besides Plague and Salmonellosis Disease. Weil is the name of a scientist who first identified pathogens associated with rats.
disease transmitted by rats
Leptospirosis or jaundice is an important disease in humans, rats, mice, dogs, pigs, and cows but not in cats.
Cause of Leptospirosis is Leptospira Icterohaemorrhagiae bacteria that live in the kidneys and urine of rats. Humans can be infected by these bacteria and become infected through contact with the urine of rats, mice tissue or water containing these bacteria.
These Leptospira bacteria enter the body through mucous membranes or scratching the skin. Leptospirosis disease often occurs in sailors, miners, workers in the gutter, fisher or poultry workers, and workers at the slaughterhouse and pest control operators.
Symptoms and Signs of Leptospirosis disease are similar to influenza symptoms characterized by fever, headache, diarrhea, chills, vomiting, conjunctivitis, meningitis, jaundice and bleeding of the skin and mucous membranes. Severe leptospirosis symptom is damage to the kidneys.
One of the diseases that is transmitted by rats is plague. This disease is endemic diseases in humans and mice that would be fatal if it is not treated.
Cause of plague is Yersinia Pseudotuberculosis (Y.Pestis) bacteria. 
The signs and symptoms of plague are:
1. Pes Pubo (Bubonic Plague)
There are inflammation and swelling of the lymph glands in the armpits and groin humans.
2. Septicemic Plague
Bubonic Plague that has spread through the bloodstream, there is bleeding under the skin, so it looks black from the outside. That’s why  the disease is also called black death.
3. Pneumonic Plague
Secondary infection of the lungs causes pneumonia plague.
Pes Disease Transmission is through the bite of Xenopsylla Cheopis fleas which live in the skin and rat hair.
Many pes diseases cause death in humans in Europe, Asia and Africa in the 14th century until the 20th century. However, in the present,  Bubonic Plague is rare happened but the presence of this disease should always be wary.
Salmonellosis is generally a disease in humans or animals caused by bacteria. Salmonellosis cause is Salmonella bacteria that are also commonly poisoned food.
Salmonella Bacteria with 2000 serotypes can infect pets, livestock, and wildlife animals.
The infected rats by Salmonella Typhimurium or Salmonella Enteriditis bacteria can cause death.
Symptoms of Salmonellosis in humans as a result of bacterial infection are: abdominal pain, acute gastroenteritis, diarrhea, vomiting, fever followed by dehydration.
Salmonellosis Transmission is from rats to humans mainly due to contamination of feces and urine of rats in food or drink for human consumption.

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