Cybernetic Learning Theory

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Cybernetic Learning Theory is a theory that is relatively new compared to previous three theories that are Behaviorism Learning Theory, Cognitivism Learning Theory and Humanistic Learning Theory. According to this theory, study is information processing.
Cybernetic learning theory
According to this theory, the most important is "information system" of what the students will learn. Meanwhile, how the process of learning will take place, it will be determined by the information system. Therefore, this theory assumes that none of the types of learning that is ideal for all situations, because learning is determined by the information system.
In more practical form, this theory is developed by Landa with algorithmic and heuristic approaches, and Scott Pask with the division of student types and types of serialist.
Algorithmic learning approach is demanding students to think systematically, step by step, linear, straight towards a specific target.
Heuristic learning approach is demanding students in divergent thinking, spread to multiple targets at once. This learning approach is usually used to understand a concept that is full of double meanings and interpretations.
Wholist or comprehensive student usually tends to learn something from most common step, and then move to a more specialized step (rind). Meanwhile, serealist student tends to think algorithmically.
Critics of the Cybernetic Learning Theory:
Cybernetic theory is criticized because it is more emphasis on information system to be studied, but less attention to how learning takes place, as a result this theory is considered difficult to be done.

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